I. 序言 - 指控猶大背約(1:1-31):
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2 天啊, 聽著! 地啊, 側耳細聽! Hear, O heavens! Listen, O earth!
因耶和華說: For the Lord has spoken:
"我養兒育女撫養成人, "I reared children and brought them up,
但他們竟不孝悖逆我. but they have rebelled against me.
3 公牛識主人, The ox knows his master,
驢子認主槽. the donkey his owner's manger.
以色列卻不認我, but Israel does not know
我的民也不識我." my people do not understand."
4 犯罪的國啊! Ah, sinful nation,
滿身罪孽的民, a people loaded with guilt,
一群犯罪的人, a brood of evildoer 極敗壞的兒女! children given to corruption!
他們背棄耶和華; They have forsaaken the Lord;
藐視以色列聖者, they have spurned the Holy One of Isreal
轉身遠離背棄衪. and turned their back on him.
5 你們還要受責打嗎? Why should you be beaten anymore?
你們為何堅持悖逆? Why do you persist in rebellion?
你們滿頭受傷, Your whole head is injured,
整個心都受害. your whole heart afflicted.
6 從腳到頭, 無一健全; From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness -
傷痕壘壘, 傷口曝露; only wounds and welts and open sores,
未加包紮, 沒塗葯膏. and cleansed or bandaged or sooth with oil.
7 你們的國土荒涼, Your country is desolate,
你們的城邑火焚; your cities burned with fire;
你們都親眼看著, your fields are being stripped by foreigners
田園被外人侵吞, right before you,
被異族蹂躪荒蕪. laid waste as when overthrown by strangers.
8 遺下的錫安聖城, The daughter of Zion is left
像葡萄園的草棚, like a shelter in a vineyard,
又像瓜田的茅屋, like a hut in a field of melons,
更像被圍的城邑. like a city under siege.
9 若非萬軍耶和華, Unless the Lod Almighty
施恩留下生還者, had left us some survivors,
早就淪為所多瑪, we would have become like Sodom,
一起變成蛾摩拉. we would have been like Gomorrah.
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10 所多瑪的首領啊, Hear the word of the Lord,
要聽耶和華的話! you ruler of Sodomo;
蛾摩拉的百姓啊, listen to the law of our God,
要傾聽神的教誨! you people of Gomorrah!
11 耶和華說: "The multitude of your sacrifices -
"你們所獻許多祭物, what are they to me?"
對我有甚麼益處呢? says the Lord.
我已有足夠的 "I have more than enough of burnt offerings,
公羊燔祭和肥牲脂油; of rams and the fat of fattened animals;
我也不會喜悅 I have no pleasure
公牛羔羊和山羊的血. in the blood of bulls and lambs and gosts.
12 當你們來到我面前時, When you come to appear before me,
是誰要求你們 who has asked this of you,
這樣踐踏我院宇的? this trampling of my courts?
13 勿再獻無意義的供物了! Stop bringing meaningless offerings!
我厭惡獻祭焚香的氣味, Your incense is detestable to me.
也不喜月朔安息日和集會, New moons, Sabbaths and convocations -
更難忍受你們邪惡的聚會. I cannot bear your evil assemblies.
14 你們月朔和節期宴樂, Your New Moon festivals and your appointed feasts
我心中更是深惡痛絕. my soul hates.
這些都成為我的負擔, They have become a burden to me;
我萬分厭倦難以忍受. I am weary of bearing them.
15 當你們張開雙手禱告, When you spread out your hands in prayer,
我掩起雙目不看你們; I will hide my eyes from you;
即使你們不斷的祈禱, even if you offer many prayers,
我也會掩起雙耳不聽. I will not listen.
因你們雙手沾滿鮮血. Your hands are full of blood.
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16 你們要洗滌潔淨自己, Wash and make yourselves clean.
在我的眼前除盡惡行! Take your evil deeds out of my sight!
停止作惡, Stop doing wrong,
17 學習行善! learn to do right!
尋求公正, Seek justice,
鼓勵弱小. encourge the oppressed.
為孤兒辯護, Defend the cause of the fatherless,
為寡婦申冤. plead the case of the widow.
18 耶和華說: "Come now, let us reason together,"
"來吧! 讓我們一起理論. says the Lord,
你們的罪雖然鮮紅, "Though your sins are like scarlet,
也可變得潔白如雪; they shall be as white as snow;
你們的罪縱然深紅, though they are red as crimson,
亦可變得白如羊毛. they shall be like wool.
19 你們若是願意順從, If you are willing and obedient,
必吃地上最佳美食; you will eat the best from the land;
20 你們若是悖逆抗拒, but if you resist and rebel,
必定會被刀劍吞滅." you will be devoured by the sword."
這是耶和華親口說的. For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.
21 看哪, 忠貞之城竟淪為淫窟! See how the faithful city has become a harlot!
這城從前充滿公正; She once was full of justice;
公義居住其間, righteousness used to dwell in her -
現成兇手天下! but now murderers!
22 你們白銀成渣滓, Your sillver has become dross,
美酒摻水淡無味. your choice wine diluted with water.
23 你們的官員叛逆, Your rulers are rebels;
無一不收受賄賂. they all love bribes
全都在追逐私利. and chase after gifts.
他們不為孤兒辯護, They do not defend the cause of the fatherless;
更不會為寡婦申冤. the widow's case does not come before them.
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24 因此, 主萬軍之耶和華, Therefore the Lord, the Lord Almighty,
以色列的大能者曉諭: the Mighty One of Isreal, declares:
"啊! 我要向我的仇人雪恨, "Ah, I will get relief from my foes
向我的敵人報仇! and avenge myself on my enemies.
25 我定要轉手對付你們, I will turn my hand against you;
徹底清除你們的渣滓, I will thoroughly purge away your dross
並且除去你們的污穢. and remove all your impurities.
26 恢復你們舊日的判官, I will restore your judges as in days of old,
重立你們起初的謀士. your counselors as at the beginning.
此後, 你們的城必稱: Afterward you will be called
公義之城, 忠貞之邑." the City of righteousness, the Faithful City,"
27 錫安必得公正救贖, Zion will be redeemed with justice,
悔改者得公義拯救. her penitent ones with righteousness.
28 悖逆罪人必同粉碎, But rebels and sinners will both be broken,
背棄主的定必滅亡, and those who foesake the Lord will perish.
29 你們必因 You will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks
喜愛的聖橡慚愧; in which you have delighted;
你們也因 you will be disgraced because of the gardens
選擇的園子蒙羞. that you have chosen.
30 你們必像枯葉的橡樹, You will be like an oak with fading leaves,
又像水源枯竭的園子. like a garden without water.
31 強人將成易燃木, The mighty man will become tinder
所作所為發火花; and his work a spark;
引燃大火同燒盡, both will burn together,
沒有一人來滅火. with no one to quench the fire."
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2 在末後的日子, In the last days
耶和華殿的山, the mountain of the Lord's temple will be established
必然堅立群山之中, as chief among the mountains;
必被高舉眾嶺之上, it will be raised above the hills,
萬國紛紛結隊來朝. and all nations will stream to it.
3 世上萬民來朝說: Many people will come and say,
"來吧! 讓我們登耶和華的山, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
上雅各神的殿. to the house of the God of Jacob.
祂會教我們衪的道, He will teach us his ways,
並領我們走衪的路." so that we may walk in his paths."
律法從錫安而出, The law will go out from Zion,
主言從耶城而來. the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
4 衪必在列國中施行審判, He will judge between the nations
在萬民中排解紛爭. and will settle disputes for many peoples.
他們要把刀劍變犁頭, They will beat their swords into plowshares
並且要使長矛變鐮刀. and their spears into pruning hooks.
這國不舉刀攻擊那國, Nation will not take up sword against nation,
也不再從事整軍經武. nor will they train for war anymore.
5 雅各家啊, 來吧! Come, O house of Jacob,
讓我們在耶和華光中行走! let us walk in the light of the Lord.
6 耶和華啊! You have abandoned your people,
你離棄了你的子民雅各家. the house of Jacob.
因他們之中充滿東方迷信, They are full of superstition from the East;
行非利士人占卜術, they practice divination like the Philistines
並且與異教徒擊掌. and clasp hands with pagans.
7 滿地金銀, 無窮財寶; Their land is full of silver and gold; there is no end to their treasures.
遍地駿馬, 無數戰車; Their land is full of horses; there is no end to their chariots.
8 到處都是偶像; Their land is full of idols;
叩拜手造; 膜拜指作. they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made.
9 使人都低頭, So man will be brought low
世人皆卑微, and mankind humbled -
勿饒恕他們. do not forgive them.
10 你們要進入岩穴藏在地中; Go into the rock, hide in the ground
以躲避耶和華的威嚴可畏, from dread of the Lord
以及衪的貴冑發出的榮光! and the splendor of his majesty!
11 目中無人的必降卑, The eyes of arrogant man will be humbled
驕傲自大的必俯伏. and the pride of men brought low;
那日, 唯有耶和華被高舉. the Lord alone will be exalted in that day.
12 萬軍之耶和華定好日子: The Lord Almighty has a day in store
給驕傲自大者, for all the proud and lofty,
高抬自己的人; for all that is exalted
(他們終必謙卑) (and they will be humbled),
13 給崇高的黎巴嫩香柏樹, for all cedars of Lobanon, tall and lofty,
以及巴珊橡樹; and all the oaks of Bashan,
14 給所有高山, for all the towering mountains
及所有峻嶺; and all the high hills,
15 給所有的高台, for every lofty tower
所有堅固城牆; and every fortified wall,
16 給所有的商船, for every trading ship
所有威武戰艦. and every stately vessel.
17 狂妄之人必降卑, The arrogance of man will be brought low
驕傲之人必卑微. and the pride of men humbled;
18 那日, 唯獨耶和華被高舉, the Lord alone will be exalted in that day,
偶像必完全消失. and the idols will totally disappear.
19 耶和華起來搖動大地之時, Men will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground
人們都逃入岩穴藏在地洞. from dread of the Lord
以躲避耶和華的威嚴可畏, and the splendor of his majesty,
以及衪的貴冑發出的榮光. when he rises to shake the earth.
20 到了那日, In that day men will throw away
世人會把自己手造 to the rodents and bats
和敬拜的金銀偶像, their idols of silver and idols of gold,
丟棄給野鼠和蝙蝠. which they made to worship.
21 耶和華起來搖動大地之時, They will flee to caverns in the rocks
人們都逃入岩穴藏在石隙. and to the overhanging crags
以躲避耶和華的威嚴可畏, from dread of the Lord
以及衪的貴冑發出的榮光. and the splendor of his majesty,when he rises to shake the earth.
22 勿再信靠世人, Stop trusting in man,
他們只不過是衪鼻中一口氣. who has but a breath in his nostrils.
他算得甚麼呢? Of what account is he?
1 現在看哪! See now, the Lord,
主萬軍之耶和華 the Lord Almighty,
將不再供應及支持 is about to take from Jerusalem and Judah
耶路撒冷和猶大, both supply and support:
即停止供應糧食和飲水. all supplies of food and all supplies of water.
2 也要除掉英雄和勇士, the hero and warrior,
判官和先知, the judge and prophet,
術士和長老, the soothsayer and elder,
3 及五十夫長和高階大員, the captain of fifty and man of rank,
足智謀士 精工巧匠及精明術士. the counselor, skilled craftman and clever enchanter.
4 我必使孩量作首領, I will make boys their officials;
孺子管他們. mere children will govern them.
5 百姓互欺壓: People will oppress each other -
人欺壓人, 鄰居欺壓鄰居; man against man, neighbor against neighbor.
少年欺壓老人, The young will rise up against the old,
卑賤欺壓貴族. the base against the honorable.
6 有人在父家 A man will seize one of his brothers
拉住自己一個兄弟說: at his father's home, and say,
"你有件外袍, 就作我們的領袖; "You have a cloak, you be our leader;
去管理這堆廢墟吧!" take charge of this heap of ruins!"
7 那日, 他會高喊: But in that day he will cry out,
"我束手無策, "I have no remedy.
連自己家中衣食都沒有, I have no food or clothing to my house;
不要立我作百姓的領袖." do not make me the leader of the people."
8 耶路撒冷崩潰, 猶大傾覆, Jerusalem staggers, Judah is falling;
他們的言行衝撞耶和華, their words and deeds are against the Lord,
藐視耶和華顯現的榮光. defying the glorious presence.
9 他們的表情證明他們的悖逆, The look on their faces testifies against them;
像所多瑪一樣暴露連串罪惡; they parade their sin like Sodom;
明目張膽毫不掩飾. they do not hide it.
他們有禍了! Woe to them!
招災害己. They have brought disaster upon themselves.
10 去告訴義人他們定必蒙福, Tell the righteous it will be well with them,
因他們必享己行所結果子. for they will enjoy the fruit of their deeds.
11 惡人有禍了! 災難必臨他們! Woe to the wicked! Disaster is upon them!
他們必受自己手造成的報應. They will be paid back for what their hands have done.
12 孩童欺壓我民, Youths oppress my people,
女子統治他們. women rule over them.
我的民啊! 你們的領導使你們失迷, O my people, your guides lead you astray,
他們使你們走偏路. they turn you from the path.
13 耶和華親出庭, The Lord takes his place in court;
起身審判子民. he rises to judge the people.
14 耶和華要審問 The Lord enters into judgment
百姓的長老和首領: against the elders and leaders of his people:
"就是你們毀了我的葡萄園, "It is you who have ruined my vineyard;
搶奪的窮人出自你們家中. the plunder from the poor is in your houses.
15 你們為何要打壓我的百姓, What do you mean by crushing my people
此外還去折磨窮人的顏面?" and grinding the faces of the poor?"
這是主萬軍之耶和華宣示. declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty.
16 耶和華又說: The Lord says,
"錫安女子傲, "The women of Zion are haughty,
行走挺頸項, walking along with outstretched necks,
媚眼送秋波, flirting with their eyes,
輕飄移蓮步, tripping along with mincing steps,
腳飾響叮噹. with ornaments jingling on their ankles.
17 所以主必使錫安女子 Therefore the Lord will bring sores
頭長瘌痢, on the heads of the women of Zion;
脫髮禿頭. the Lord will make their scalps bald."
18-23 到那日, 主必挪去她們華麗的: 腳釧、髮帶、月牙項圈、耳環、手鐲、面紗、頭巾、踝鏈、腰帶、
24 以腐臭代替馨香, Instead of fragrance there will be a stench;
以繩索代替腰帶, instead of a sash, a rope;
以禿頭代替秀髮, instead of well-dressed hair, baldness;
以麻衣代替華服, instead of fine clothing, sackcloth;
以烙痕代替美貌, instead of beauty, branding.
25 你的壯丁必死刀下, Your men will fall by the sword,
你的勇士必殉戰場. your warriors in battle.
26 錫安城門必哀傷號哭, The gates of Zion will lament and mourn;
城必悽慘荒涼坐大地. destitute, she will sit on the ground.
4:1 到那日, 七個女人必拉住一個男人說: "我們要吃自己的飯, 穿自己的衣, 只求你讓我們歸在你的名下,
到那日, 耶和華的根苗必華美光耀, 地產果實成為以色列倖存者的驕傲與榮耀. 那時, 錫安
餘民仍留在耶路撒冷, 登記在活人名冊上的人, 都必稱聖. 主要用審判的靈和焚燒的靈洗刷錫安女子
的污穢, 並清洗耶路撒冷的血跡. 然後, 耶和華將在整個錫安山及在山上會眾之上, 日間造雲煙, 夜間
顯燄光, 並在所有榮光之上打開大陽傘, 日間為人遮陽避暑, 暴風雨來襲時避難藏身.
1 我要為我愛的人歌唱, I will sing for the one I love
高唱他的葡萄園: a song about his vineyard:
在肥沃的山丘上, My loved one had a vineyard
我愛的人有座葡萄園. on a fertile hillside.
2 他努力挖土清石, He dug it up and cleared it of stones
栽種上好的葡萄. and planted it with the choicest vines.
他園中建瞭望台, He built a watchtower in it
並且開鑿搾酒池. and cut out a winepress as well.
期望結出好葡萄, Then he looked for a crop of good grapes,
但卻結出壞葡萄. but it yielded only bad fruuit.
3 耶路撒冷居民和猶大人啊! Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and men of Judah,
你們評論我和我的葡萄園. judge between me and my vineyard.
4 除我為園子已作的努力以外, What more could have been done for my vineyard
還能為我的葡萄園作甚麼呢? than I have done for it?
為何期望結出好葡萄, When looked for good grapes,
卻意外結出壞葡萄呢? why did it yield only bad?
5 現在我要告訴你們, Now I will tell you
我要怎樣處理我的葡萄園: what I am going to do to my vineyard:
我要拆除園籬, I will take away its hedge,
使園子全毀滅; and it will be destroyed;
我要拆掉圍牆, I will break down its wall,
讓人隨意踐踏. and it will be trampled.
6 我要任園荒廢, I will make it a wasteland,
不修理也不種; neither pruned nor cultivated,
園中雜草叢生. and briers and thorns will grow there.
大地乾旱不雨." I will command the clouds not to ruin on it."
7 主萬軍之耶和華的葡萄園, The vineyard of the Lord Almighty
就是以色列的家; is the house of Isreal,
祂喜愛的園子, and the men of Judah
就是猶大人. are the garden of his delight.
祂期望公正, 卻看到流血; And he looked for justice, but saw bloodshed;
祂期望公義, 卻聽到哀嚎. for righteouness, but heard cries of distress.